Machu Picchu Flora and Fauna: 11 exotic animals and plants to see in the lost city of the Incas

Machu Picchu Flora and Fauna

Machu Picchu, the legendary Lost City of the Incas, is renowned for its architectural marvels and historical significance. However, this ancient wonder isn’t just about stone structures and archaeological treasures; it’s also a sanctuary for a diverse array of fascinating flora and fauna. In this blog, we invite you to explore the natural beauty that thrives within the sacred citadel’s boundaries. From exotic animals like the Andean bear and Andean condor to unique plant species such as quinoa and orchids, this world wonder reveals an enchanting world of biodiversity. Let’s delve into the flora and fauna of this extraordinary destination and uncover the hidden treasures that make it a true natural wonder.

Machu Picchu and Its Natural Attraction

Nestled in the high Andes of Peru, this Inca citadel sits amidst breathtaking natural landscapes that captivate visitors from around the world. This UNESCO World Heritage Site boasts a unique combination of lush cloud forests, dramatic mountain terrain, and vibrant ecosystems, making it an unparalleled destination for nature enthusiasts.

As you explore the ancient ruins and wander along the intricate stone pathways, take a moment to appreciate the enchanting world of flora and fauna that thrives here. With over 370 bird species, numerous orchid varieties, and elusive mammals, this world wonder presents a rich tapestry of life that adds depth to its cultural and historical significance.

Flora and Fauna of Machu Picchu

The natural world of the lost city of the Incas offers a striking contrast to its historical grandeur. Its exotic flora and fauna are a testament to the region’s biodiversity and the importance of preserving this delicate ecosystem. Let’s delve deeper into the remarkable plants and animals that call these ruins home.

Fauna of Machu Picchu

The archeological site’s wildlife is a captivating ensemble of creatures adapted to the high-altitude environment. Here are some of the most notable fauna you might encounter during your visit:


These iconic Andean camelids are commonly seen within the archaeological site. Known for their long necks and soft, luxurious wool, llamas and alpacas have been integral to Andean culture for centuries.

Andean Bear (Spectacled Bear)

The Andean bear, often referred to as the spectacled bear due to the unique markings around its eyes, is the only bear species native to South America. The citadel and the surrounding cloud forests provide a habitat for these elusive and critically endangered creatures.


Machu Picchu is home to a diverse array of butterfly species, with their vibrant colors and graceful flight adding a touch of enchantment to the landscape.

andean Condor

As one of the world’s largest flying birds, the Andean condor is a symbol of majesty and grace in the Andean culture. With its striking black plumage and expansive wings, the condor can often be seen soaring above the site.

Cock of the Rock

The Andean cock of the rock, a strikingly colorful bird, is known for its vibrant red plumage and prominent presence in the cloud forests of Machu Picchu.

Andean Puma

Although rarely spotted, the Andean puma is one of the region’s top predators. These elusive big cats roam the rugged terrain surrounding Machu Picchu.

Flora of Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu’s flora is equally diverse and captivating, with a variety of plant species adapted to the high-altitude environment. Here are some notable plants you might encounter:


Muña is a fragrant herb used for medicinal and aromatic purposes. It’s also known for its ability to aid with altitude sickness, making it a valuable plant for those exploring the high Andes.


A staple crop of the Andean region, quinoa is celebrated for its nutritional value and adaptability to high-altitude conditions. It has been cultivated in the Andes for thousands of years.


The qantu flower, also known as the Peruvian lily or Lily of the Incas, is a stunning, trumpet-shaped flower often found in the region. It’s known for its bright colors and ornamental beauty.

Ichu Grass

Ichu grass is a high-altitude grass species that dominates the region’s landscape. It’s often used as forage for livestock in the Andes.

Puya Raimondii

The Puya Raimondii is a remarkable plant species with towering flower spikes that can reach up to 15 meters in height. It’s one of the world’s largest bromeliads and can be found in the region surrounding Machu Picchu.

Get to Know the Flora and Fauna of Machu Picchu with Inca Peru Travel

For an in-depth exploration of Machu Picchu’s remarkable flora and fauna, join one of our expertly guided treks to Machu Picchu with Inca Peru Travel. We offer a range of tour packages designed to immerse you in the natural beauty and cultural significance of this extraordinary destination.

Visit our website to discover our tour options, competitive prices, and exceptional customer service. As a certified and widely trusted tour company run by Cusqueños, we are committed to providing you with an unforgettable experience.

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