Beginner’s Guide to the Rich Tapestry of Andean Attire (Part 1): 5 Uniquely Peruvian Articles of Clothing

Introduction to Andean Attire

All throughout the majestic peaks of the Andes, the traditional Andean attire is a living manifestation to their deep-rooted cultural heritage and enduring connection with the land. These garments are not just clothing; they are intricate expressions of history, identity, and artistry. In this article, we delve into the vibrant world of Andean attire, exploring a rich tapestry of garments that encapsulate the spirit and traditions of this remarkable region.

In this article, we begin to dwelve into the vibrant world of Andean attire, exploring a rich tapestry of garments that encapsulate the spirit and traditions of this remarkable region.

Beyond their cultural significance, these garments also make exceptional souvenirs for travelers eager to take home a piece of the Andes. In the bustling markets and artisan workshops of Cusco, you’ll find a wealth of opportunities to acquire these beautifully crafted treasures.

Andean attire: Cusco man wearing a traditional Chullo

1. The Pollera

Among the most iconic pieces of Andean attire are the polleras, beautifully crafted skirts that gracefully cascade down to the ankles. Each vibrant color and intricate pattern in the fabric tells a story, reflecting a deep connection to nature and ancestral heritage. Worn by women, these skirts are a symbol of feminine strength and Andean identity.

2. The Lliclla

The Lliclla is a versatile Andean textile, adorned with vibrant geometric designs, that serves multiple practical purposes. It’s used by women for carrying babies, transporting goods, and providing comfortable seating. Beyond its functionality, it’s a symbol of the rich heritage and skilled craftsmanship of the Andean indigenous communities. With its colorful patterns and intricate weavings, the Aguayo encapsulates the cultural essence of the region.

3.The Chullo/The Ch’ullu

A quintessential Andean accessory, the chullo is a warm hat with distinctive earflaps. Crafted from alpaca or llama wool, chullos are both practical and stylish, keeping the head warm in the high-altitude chill while showcasing intricate patterns and motifs unique to each community.

4. The Manta

The Manta is a versatile piece of Andean attire, serving as a shawl, cloak, or even a blanket. These textiles are often woven with intricate designs and are used to protect against the cold mountain air. Mantas are essential companions for daily life in the Andes.

5. The Poncho

Ponchos are loose-fitting outer garments commonly worn by men in the Andes. These garments are known for their warmth and versatility, featuring a wide array of colors and designs.

Where to Buy Them

Centro Artesenal Cusco

This artisan market always features a diverse selection of Andean handicrafts, including clothing and textiles. It’s an excellent spot to explore the local craftsmanship.

San Pedro Market

Located in the heart of the city of Cusco, this bustling market offers a wide range of Andean textiles and attire, making it a perfect place to start your search for souvenirs.


A picturesque village in the Sacred Valley known for its artisan goods, including textiles and clothing. Chinchero offers a culturally rich shopping experience where you can find the most authentic Andean attire and textiles.

Book your tour to the Sacred Valley today!:

Cultural Appropriation?

As explorers embark on their voyages through the Andes and immerse themselves in the captivating world of Andean attire, a question that often arises is whether appreciating and acquiring these cultural treasures amounts to cultural appropriation. The answer is yes, to wear this attire is a form of cultural appropriation, but this is not actually a bad thing as modern society would lead you to believe. The Andean people, who create these exquisite garments with passion and skill, craft them not merely as commodities but as expressions of their identity and heritage.

By choosing to embrace these pieces of Andean culture, travelers become part of a broader narrative—one where the hope is to share the beauty of their traditions and keep their customs alive. In this exchange, there’s an opportunity for cultural appreciation, learning, and mutual respect, reinforcing the idea that the act of acquiring Andean attire can serve as a bridge to deeper cultural understanding and a means to support the communities that proudly share their heritage with the world. It is a celebration of diversity, an acknowledgment of the value of cultural exchange, and a reflection of the enduring vibrancy of the Andean spirit.

Part 2 is out now!:

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